"UNDERSTANDING HUMAN BEHAVIOR" On a FORENSIC level, Handwriting Analysis is used for, Assisting Criminologists & Law Enforcement agents in behavioral profiling involving crimes of violence.
Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE

Nonverbal Communication
Base Line and Context 
Part Three (3)
Growing up in a Culture very different than my own and not being very proficient at speaking the language at that young age. I used what I came to understand later in life as body language or nonverbal communication. At that time I was able to understand a person's feelings and intentions by watching their facial expressions and overall body movements. As a young boy growing up in Boston's Chinatown my friends spoke either Toisanese or Cantonese or a combination of both with a little English thrown in-between.  I was taught and understood a few words but  that was about it. How did I get my point across? How would I understand what others were saying to me when my friends were not around to translate for me?  I watched peoples  expressions and overall body movements. A real friendly smile or the smile that was not a true felt smile, the "sucker punch look" as I called it.  Today I know this "tell" is an asymmetrical smile also known as "contempt." The way people walked up to me, how they would talk to me, and the expressions on their face. How some of the older kids would look at me when I was walking down Tyler or Beach Street. This told me if I was in red, yellow or green. To put it bluntly, if I was going to get my rear end kicked. Their actions and looks alerted me to what was to follow. Most times it was just ball busting or bravado, a few times it was not.  First, you must be a "Competent Observer of your Environment."
 At that time the only real entertainment any of us could afford was going to one of Chinatown's movie houses every weekend. China Cinema, Star or Pagoda and watching the newest Gung Fu or comedy movie that was  being released by the Shaw Brothers in Hong Kong every week. We could sit there all night for a few dollars. At that time "Fu Sheng" was the martial arts hero along with a  guy called "Jackie Chan."  Who knew!
 My older Gung Fu brother ( Di Lo) Philip would ask me? Tony how do you know what is going on? At that time they did not dub the movies in English as they did later on. I said by watching their actions and facial expressions. Also by understanding the "context" of the movies plot line.
Their facial expressions and overall body language was so over exaggerated it was very easy for me to follow along. When I opened my Martial Arts School in Boston's Chinatown, I started to read books on body language by Julius Fast , Allan Pease and the few books I could find at the Boston Public Library that were available at that time. It was all very confusing. One book would say one thing, another book would say something else. The more books I read, the more I got confused.  The reason for my confusion was these books did not explain "context."
One of the most important factors in understanding nonverbal behavior that most of these book did not focus very heavily on, was "context." That is the key to understanding and decoding nonverbal communication behaviors accurately. You must decode the "tells" based on the context of the situation you are in. Nonverbal behavior can and will be very confusing without "context," it is not a cookie cutter or one size fits all read. The same non verbal "tell" will have a different meaning under different circumstances and situations. 
The second most important factor when you talk or meet someone for the first time and as you continue to interact with them is you need to get a handle on their  "baseline behavior patterns."  You need to note how they act and express themselves  normally when they are stressed or not stressed  in a state of  "comfort or discomfort." How they sit, where they place their hands, their posture and their facial expressions. How they tilt there head, voice tones, pacifying behaviors, etc. You need to differentiate between their normal relaxed "comfort" behavior patterns or when  stressed and in a state of "discomfort."  Establishing a person's "baseline behavior" is critical because it allows you to determine if these "tells" are universal behaviors that are the same for everyone or what is called "idiosyncratic" non verbals that are unique to one particular individual. 
Example: I have a very dear loved one who I have known for a very long time. She will pop one shoulder up and down like a car piston when she sees me, when she is talking, answering a question, asking a question, etc. This is a "idiosyncratic" "tell" unique to her. A one shoulder shrug is an indication that the person is not totally limbic committed to their statement. This can be looked at as being deceptive. If you did not know her or her baseline non verbal "tells" she can be misunderstood and misread as being deceptive.
She is not, she is the most honest person I know. She acts this way when she is emotionally stimulated for good, bad or indifferent.  A unique "idiosyncratic" tell. I can always tell when she is going to ask me a question of some sort, before she opens her mouth her shoulder starts popping.
Once you have determined their true baseline behavior patterns then you can accurately decode when he/she deviates from their "baseline behavior patterns."  When did their base line behavior change? What caused that change? Remember, "a change in their behavior is a change in their reality."
So gentlemen before you think that the lovely lady sitting in front of you for the first time with her eyes wide open and her pupils dilated thinking she is showing signs of interest, check on the light conditions in the room. Stimulation of the autonomic nervous system's (sympathetic branch,)  known for triggering " flight or fight" responses when the body is under stress, induces pupil dilation. The visual cortex in the back of the brain assembles the actual images we see. But a different, older part of the nervous system-the autonomic-manages the continuous tuning of pupil size (along with other involuntary functions such as heart rate and perspiration). Specifically, it dictates the movement of the iris to regulate the amount of light that enters the eye, similar to a camera aperture. Pupils will dilate in low light conditions, when under emotional stress, when thinking about a difficult math problem, when in a state of sexual arousal, looking at a picture of a lovely woman or handsome man even when a bull moose is charging you and you are surprised and frightened.
Look for clusters of behaviors that will show interest. Is her lips slightly parted, are her legs and feet pointed in your direction, is she showing ventral fronting, is her neck tilted, does she touch her neck,  twirl her hair, does she touch and expose her wrists? This is showing signs of interest. On the flip side of the coin, if her eyes are dilated because of low light conditions, and her feet are pointed away from you, there is  slight lip compression, she is not showing her neck, lack of ventral fronting (sitting on an angle away from you) looking around the room, checking her phone, she wants away from you. Even with those lovely dilated pupils.            
Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE
Nonverbal Communication
Part Two (2) 
When describing nonverbal communication/behaviors there are  words that sound different but mean the same thing. I will explain these words and their meanings to you now to avoid confusion later in my articles. There are certain words that have very specific meanings which I will explain to you as we go along. I use the word "tell/tells."  Because these  nonverbal behaviors "tell" us about the person's true state of mind, what the body is telling and expressing /communicating to us.  The word "cue" also means the same thing, what the body is "cueing" us in on.  Many times you will see words in books or hear different terminology in a video or TV show  when a body language expert  is explaining body language behaviors and they use different terminology. The words used sound different but their meanings are the same. Body language experts will use their own terminology  such as: adaptors, manipulators, tells, cues, gestures, postures, etc.
Nonverbal communication/ body language is a means of transmitting information, just like a spoken word except, it is achieved through facial expressions, gestures, touching (haptics), physical movements (kinesics) posture, body adornments (cloths, jewelry, hairstyle, tattoos). The tone and volume of an individual's voice, (rather than the spoken content). Nonverbal communication comprise approximately sixty to sixty five percent of all interpersonal communication.  (Burgoon, 1994, 229-285) (Navarro, 2007, 4-5) 
 Freeze, Flight, Fight response. The limbic systems elegant protocol.  
The limbic system our emotional brain does not reason nor rationalize. It reacts to the world around us in real time. The prime directive of the limbic system is to ensure our survival as a species. The limbic system has a very elegant protocol that has kept us alive and out of danger and is programed in each and everyone of us since the day we are born.  This limbic response to distress or a threatening situation takes on three forms: the freeze, flight, fight response. This protocol has has helped us to survive as a species and is hard wired into our nervous system. You may have heard people call it is the fight or flight response. This is half correct and somewhat backwards.  If we fought first we would be to battered and worn to run from the danger facing us.
The first limbic response when exposed to a threatening situation is to "freeze," why? Movement attracts attention. Example: many of the children who survived the Columbine and Virginia Tech shootings survived by playing dead "freezing." The killer/killers walked right by them thinking they were already dead. Their limbic brain made them "freeze" and play dead, this limbic response saved many lives. The freeze response is also called "the deer in the headlight look"  have you ever come across a herd of deer in the roadway early in the morning? The first thing you will notice is they all look up and stare at you for a second, then they all run off in a split second. The second protocol. The flight response. Sadly, children who are being abused will manifest these freezing limbic behaviors when in the presence of an abusive adult. The children's arms will go dormant by their sides and they will avoid eye contact thinking this helps them not to be seen. A tactic called "hiding in the open"  a survival tool for these helpless children.  
The second limbic response when the "freeze" response is not adequate enough to eliminate the danger is the "flight" response, to run and escape from the danger facing us. This response can be very obvious such as someone running from a threatening situation as we saw when the buildings collapsed during the 911 attacks. Or these "tells" can be very subtle such as turning our heads or bodies away from someone or something that is undesirable. Have you ever met someone for the first time on a date or business meeting and you did not like him/her? You may have acted polite but your body will turn away from that person ever so slightly. Sitting or standing will make no difference. This distancing behavior however so slight is the limbic system's "flight" response to an unfavorable person or situation.
The third limbic response when the first two responses are not adequate enough and the only alternative left is the "fight" response. In our evolution as a species we as well as animals developed a strategy of turning fear into rage and aggression to "fight" off attackers (panksepp, 1998, 208). This response can take on many forms and expressions, from physical aggression and fighting which is not the socially acceptable or a legal way of dealing with other people in todays society. So a modern form of aggression or "fighting" is argument. An over heated argument is "fighting" by nonphysical means. The use of insults, goading and sarcasm are all the modern equivalent of fighting. (Navarro 2008, 33) Court rooms are filled everyday with people fighting and aggressively arguing two opposing viewpoints. 
This elegant protocol called the freeze, flight, fight response will help you to accurately decode what a person is thinking, feeling or intending.  To decode nonverbal tells you must be a competent observer of your environment and to decode nonverbal gestures "tells" based on the context of the situation you are in.    

Comfort/discomfort and pacifying behaviors.
The limbic system is programed to make us secure by avoiding danger or "discomfort" and seeking safety and "comfort." Nonverbal behaviors can be very binary. You or the personality you are engaged with is either in a state of "comfort" (well being, relaxed, not in a state of stress).  Or in a state of "discomfort"  (stressed, worried, in fear, feeling very uncomfortable or uneasy).  The limbic system "leaks" this information in the form of body language tells/behaviors called  "pacifiers."  These "pacifying behaviors," will be congruent with those feelings either positive "comfort" or negative "discomfort."  
 It is very important to remember that when you are attempting to decode nonverbal behaviors you must decode the nonverbal  "tells/cues"  according to the context of the situation you are in.   
This is the prime reason why there is so much confusion when people are attempting to decode nonverbal behaviors and are confused to there meaning. This is why "context" is such a very important rule to remember. One "tell" is not the same for all situations.
For example: you may read or hear that a person who is rubbing their ear or touching their face is a sign of stress or even worse, is lying. This is not the case at all, first what is the "context" of the situation you are in?
If it is a social setting and the person is exhibiting other nonverbal behaviors that are congruent with "comfort?" This would be considered a "positive pacifier."
 The personality is enjoying the experience and the "pacifying behaviors" are heightening their experience by releasing very powerful brain peptides Dopamine and Oxytocin by touching or "pacifying" themselves. On the flip side of the coin, if you see these very same nonverbal behaviors when the personality is under a stressful situation such as a job interview, meeting a date for the first time, answering questions regarding a situation they were involved in, etc. These same "pacifying behaviors," are  the limbic systems response to a stressful situation and the "pacifying behaviors" seen are a sign of "discomfort" or a negative "pacifier." The same brain peptides are being released by the limbic system in an  effort to calm the personality down and  to restore the personality/ body to a state of comfort again.
Two hard and fast rules when decoding nonverbal behaviors is, "what is the context of the situation you are in?" Have you identified a "base line" pattern when the person is in a state of comfort. I would pay close attention to a change in their "base line" behavior. I would take note of that change and would want to know why. Remember, "a change in behavior is a change in their reality." It does not mean the person is being deceitful. It is telling me that a change has taken place and I would go back to that portion of the interaction and ask additional questions to understand why that change took place.  Without "context" or a "base line"  you will misread the "tells" that the body is telling/saying to you. Also one nonverbal "tell" is not enough to decode what the person is thinking, feeling or intending. You must decode clusters of nonverbal "tells" that show congruency with one another. Another rule to remember, is emotions are always expressed before words and actions. The limbic system is our emotional brain, it does not reason nor rationalize. It reacts to the world around us in real time without thought.  Based on this understanding of our brains limbic system elegant protocol  of "freeze, flight, fight" you can understand why the "primacy of reaction" is a very accurate statement.      
Part three (3) tomorrow.
Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE

Nonverbal Communication
Part one (1) 

I posted an article on nonverbal communications and the "Primacy of Reactions" on my Academy page and I will post that article again here below. What makes this statement an accurate statement? I will explain the empirical research behind nonverbal communications (body language) explaining what is fact and what is fiction. I hope these articles will give you a better understanding of nonverbal communications and the vital role it plays in understanding human behavior. 
Body language / non verbal communication is a very accurate diagnostic tool when you understand how the human brain deals with a positive, stressful or threatening situation.  The old terminology for describing the human brain was left brain / right brain.  In 1952, a scientist named Paul MacLean began to speak of the human brain as a "triune brain" consisting of three brains working together as a command and control center. They are:

Reptilian (stem) brain
Mammalian (limbic) brain
Neo Cortex (human) brain

The "Limbic" mammalian brain plays the largest role in the expression of nonverbal behavior. This part of the brain acts like a radar system that is on seven days a week. When the limbic brain experiences a positive, negative or threatening situation it leaks this information in the form of body language tells/cues congruent with those feelings, positive & negative. These body language cues are expressed instantaneously and without thought. These expressions manifest physically in our faces, our eyes, forehead, mouth, neck, etc. Our torso, arms, hands, fingers, etc. Also in our feet and legs.

The old and outdated terminology still used to this day was called the "fight or flight" response this is half right and somewhat backwards. The brain's response to any threatening situation takes three forms, the FREEZE, FLIGHT, FIGHT response.  When one response is found to be inadequate, the limbic system will move quickly to the next response, until the system feels the threat has passed. The body language "tells/cues" that follow will tell us which response the limbic system has chosen to defend itself, and has returned the body back into a safe and secure frame of mind. The nonverbal behaviors that follow will help us to understand a person's thoughts, feelings, and intentions. The limbic system / brain is called our true brain. Why? it is the part of our brain that reacts to the world around us reflexively and instantaneously, in real time without thought  and is the most accurate when detecting body language tells/cues.  These limbic survival responses go back to our ancestry as a human species. These responses are hardwired into our nervous system, making them difficult to disguise or eliminate.  

The "Neo-cortex" or human brain is our thinking, creative brain. The neo-cortex is analytical. It thinks before it acts or speaks. It is capable of deception and it can lie, and it lies often.

 Example: Your slightly over weight friend asks you, "how do you like my new bright yellow dress? You answer, "gee look's great on you." In reality, you wanted to say something very different. Your analytical brain came up with a quick "Pro- Social" white lie, so you do not hurt your friend's feelings. The micro eye blocking expression flashed on your face, just before you opened your mouth expressing your true feelings of, "oh my God what the hell is she wearing ! "

True emotions are always expressed in body language cues before words and actions. ( Navarro & Scahafer, 2003,22-24 )

In the 1800's Darwin stated that there were six emotions that were universal to all cultures. They are:


In 1980 Dr. Paul Ekman, Ph.D added,


These emotions are expressed in all humans from the day they are born. Dr. Ekman studied the forty facial muscles and their movement when emotions were felt and expressed. He stated humans can express over ten thousand (10,000) different expressions. Most we will never see. In a typical conversation we will see less than one hundred (100). Only a third will be relevant to emotion. These expressions are flashed in 1/25 of a second called, a micro expression. These expressions will reveal themselves prior to a more contrived expression.  When a micro expression is detected, it does not tell you what the person is being deceptive about.
It only tells us that their facial expressions, words and body language non verbal tells/cues lack "synchrony."

Dr. Ekman's work in developing F.A.C.S., Facial- Action- Coding System, is a highly accurate diagnostic tool in helping profiler's and law enforcement personnel in detecting micro expressions in a personality when they are put or are in a stressful situation. These emotions or expressions should not be in variance with the picture being presented to you, or before the fake emotion, the mask the personality wants you to believe they are feeling, is shown. All cues must be taken in the context of the situation you are in.

The next time someone says to you that nonverbal behavior does not have meaning or is not reliable, the U.S. Supreme Court decision (Terry v. Ohio, 1968, 392 U.S. 1) acknowledged that nonverbal behaviors presage criminality if those behaviors are observed and decoded properly. This landmark decision was based on the quick thinking of a thirty nine year old Detective, Martin McFadden. In 1963, he watched the nonverbal behavior of two men who he believed were about to rob a store. When Officer McFadden moved in and patted the two men down he found a concealed hand gun. (Terry v. Ohio, 1968, 392 U.S. 1) provided a clear demonstration of the relationship between our thoughts, intentions, and nonverbal behaviors. (Navarro & Scahafer, 2003, 22-24)


Non Verbal Communication

Primacy of Reactions
 I have read many articles over the past few weeks on detecting deception. The body language (tells) expressions that will make you a human lie detector. I can tell you point blank that most of these so called experts are spinning the same old misconceptions and none researched findings on how to detect deception via body language (tells) and expressions. Detecting deception is very difficult even for the professionals who have trained in and have years experience in the discipline.  So before you look at a persons body language (tell) and think this person is lying based on that faulty information take time to think and analyze the context of the situation you are in. Look for changes to their base line behavior when you are talking and asking sensitive questions. You want to see clusters of behaviors (tells) that will have you go back and ask additional questions that flagged you during that part of the interview. I would hate to have you label someone a liar because you saw him/her rub their nose or looked away. I will post articles and answer any questions you may have over the next few weeks on deception detection.  
True emotions are always expressed before words and actions. When words or actions are expressed before emotions this is an indication that the personality is, for what ever the reason being, is trying to deceive you into believing that what you are seeing or hearing is a true and accurate expression of their emotions. This is not the case.
The limbic brain is our honest brain when it comes to non verbal communication. The limbic brain reacts to both positive and negative stimuli in real time and without thought. That is why it is called the "honest brain."  The first emotion/expression flashed on a persons face or expressed in other parts of the body, hands, arms, legs, feet in response to a visual or verbal stimuli is their true thoughts and feelings. Many times these non verbal expressions are flashed on a persons face in one twenty fifth of a second called a micro expression. These micro expressions are very hard to detect without training. Longer expressions that last two - four seconds are called a macro expressions these are very obvious non verbal (tells) and are meant to be obvious.  Some personalities are very good at masking their facial expressions and express very little. When these personalities are concentrating on masking their facial expressions they forget the other parts of their body that will leak their true thoughts, feelings and intensions.
It is very important to take all non verbal expressions (tells)  in the context of the situation you are in.
When you are unsure of an expression look at the situation you are in, is the personality displaying comfort or are they displaying discomfort in your interaction. Non verbal communication is very binary. All personalities unless they have a medical issue of some sort, will display either comfort or discomfort displays and will pacify themselves accordingly.
It is always important to acquire a base line of the personality you are interacting with. How do they act when in a relaxed or in a state of comfort. Then we would watch for a change in their behavior. The limbic brain will ask to be pacified when in discomfort, you will see a cluster of behaviors, such as rubbing the hands, neck, face, leg, hair, etc. In response to the negative stimuli. This does not mean the person is lying, only the question, conversation or action is causing them discomfort in some way. The limbic brain will respond very quickly and without thinking about it.   When the limbic brain is in comfort you may also see the same cluster of behaviors, only  these pacifying behaviors are in response to a positive stimuli and these pacifying behaviors will heighten the pleasurable experience.
It is very important to remember that the "Primacy of Reactions" are always the most accurate when trying to decode what the personality is thinking, feeling and intending.   
 Part two (2) tomorrow




Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE
The following profiles are the four types of rapists. There are fifty different sub types and there is also crossovers behaviors between the rapists types. These are the four types of rapists identified by the FBI profilers. Information is power, these posts are to help you learn and understand the different rapists types and their behavior patterns. Always be a "competent observer of your environment."   I will go into more detail in future posts on the different types of child molesters.  


Using methods not unlike those employed by FBI profilers to predict the behavior of serial killers, police and forensic psychologists have identified four profiles of rapists defined by motive, style of attack and psychosexual characteristics.

They are:

The power-assertive rapist

The anger-retaliation rapist

The power-reassurance rapist

The anger-excitation rapist

Such rapist behavior profiles provide information that may be helpful in determining how best to respond to a specific kind of attacker.

These are the characteristics of each of the four rapist profiles:


Power-assertive rapist:

Athletic, has a "macho" image of himself. More often than not, this is the type who commits date rapes. He typically meets his victim in a bar or nightclub. Instead of targeting a specific victim, he looks for an opportunity to get a woman alone with him, perhaps with an offer of a ride home or an invitation back to his place. Or he may con his victim into trusting him or letting him into her home, perhaps by posing as a policeman or repairman. Approximately 44 percent of rapes are committed by power-assertive rapists. He is physically aggressive, and will use the amount of force needed to control you -- degrading or obscene language, [brandishing] a weapon, slapping or punching -- but he does not intend to kill you.

Generally, begging and crying doesn't work with this guy. If you're going to resist, you've got to be serious. You've got to scream and fight him as hard as you can to get away.


Anger-retaliatory rapist:

 He feels animosity towards women and wants to punish and degrade them. Often he is a substance abuser. He is impulsive and has an explosive temper. He looks for an opportunity to commit the rape rather than for a specific victim. He attacks spontaneously and brutalizes the woman into submission. Thirty percent of rapists fall into the anger-retaliation category. He will grab you from behind and drag you into the bushes. He will often beat you to near-unconsciousness before committing the rape. Any level of resistance may well enrage him and cause him to beat the hell out of you until he gets what he wants. He's not looking to kill you, but the beating could be fatal. You do not want to challenge or enrage this type of rapist. You could try to escape. If you cannot get away or incapacitate the assailant, it's best to submit and try to limit the level of violence of the assault to the extent that you can.


Power-reassurance rapist:

He lacks the self-confidence and interpersonal skills to develop relationships with women. He is passive and nonathletic. He lives or works near his victim, and "preselects" her by peeping or stalking. He typically breaks into her home in the early hours of the morning and awakens her. He uses minimal force and will threaten her with a weapon, but usually does not have one. He fantasizes that he is his victim's lover so he may ask her to disrobe or to wear a negligee and he will kiss her and engage in foreplay. The power-reassurance type accounts for 21 percent of rapists. He is the least violent type of rapist, and does not intend to hurt or kill you, Among the different types of rapists, he is most likely to be dissuaded if you scream, cry, plead or fight." In general it is more probable that you can discourage a rapist who uses this [power reassurance] approach. But you could instead be dealing with a power assertive rapist who is starting off with a softer approach. Try nonviolent tactics, crying, pleading, praying aloud while you're sizing up the assailant. If it works you may be able to escape the situation. But if he responds by becoming verbally abusive or degrading, he is likely a power assertive rapist and you will have to evaluate whether you are capable of fighting him off.

"Women need to rely on their instincts. When confronted with a rapist they will try various techniques. In this situation, take full advantage of your instincts in trying to figure out which type of rapist you are dealing with."


Anger-excitation rapist:


 A sadist, who derives sexual gratification from inflicting pain. He is typically charming and intelligent. The crime is premeditated and rehearsed methodically in his mind before it is attempted. His victims may or may not be strangers. He will tie, gag and blindfold them and torture them over a period of days, even recording his crimes in a diary, taking photographs or videotaping them. Just five percent of rapists fit this description.

Of the four types he is the most criminally sophisticated and it's difficult to catch him. He's got absolute control over you so there's no question of any type of resistance or of escaping. Oftentimes he kills his victims, either to get rid of a witness or to gratify a psychosexual need." This is probably the most dangerous situation a woman can be in. If you're tied up, you're going to have to match wits with this guy and trick him or talk him into untying you so you have at least some chance of escape.

Most rapists are not murderers. It is less likely that a woman - even one who has taken a women's self-defense course -- can overcome the intensity of the violence that an anger rapist will inflict. But power rapists commit nearly two-thirds of all rapes, and you have a fighting chance to fend them off. If you assess the situation and feel confident of your ability to fight or talk your way out of [being raped], go ahead and do it.

There are women who have yelled or fought back, whether they've taken self-defense classes or not, and have not gotten raped. To tell a woman 'don't do anything, be the passive female' is absolute (nonsense)."

Given that the goal of all women who are in imminent danger of being raped is to avoid it, they should rely on their instincts rather than assume that they have to submit. But whatever her instincts tell her to do, If a woman survives, she made the right choice.

Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE
Detecting Deception
When I think I have heard it all. Yesterday I was talking to an Attorney on a document case. We starting talking about deception and how he has learned to how to look at a person's face and know if the person is being truthful or not. I asked how so,  he said that a while back he went to a seminar with a group of Attorneys given by a deception detection expert. I mentioned the names of a few of the well known experts I know and he said no it was none of those people, he said it was so and so.
 Ok, so I asked what did you learn?  He said to me that the expert handed out these flash cards with different people's faces on them. He told me that people that have long ears are liars. I said excuse me. He said yes that men or women who have very long ears are liars. I said you people paid your good money for this nonsense. Please tell me where there is any research to back up these claims. I have never heard such nonsense in the eighteen years I have been in this business.
I said counselor, please go to my web site and get educated. He called me back an hour later and said, Christ Tony! The expert never told us any of this information. He was angry as hell. He said this guy is making a fortune on these seminars of his. I paid a lot of money for this seminar to learn nothing but nonsense! I said, well next time you will know better right,  just look at the persons ears. 

Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE

Paranoid Personalities
In my years as a profiler I have been involved with four people who had paranoid personality behavior patterns. Three were on the mild end of the spectrum. These personalities were very timid, shy and standoffish. They were very hard to profile until they started to talk and express their thoughts and views of the world and the people in their personal and professional lives. One was on the extreme and violent end of the spectrum. This personality was extremely vocal with his hatred and mistrust of everyone and everything. He was at the extreme end of this behavior pattern, he was and still is one of the most dangerous and violent personalities when he is triggered. These personalities are "wound collectors."  

What is the definition of a wound collector or wound collecting?

*The term wound collector and  wound collecting was Copyrighted by Joe Navarro in 2004

            Wound collecting is the conscious and systematic collection and preservation of transgressions, violations, social wrongs, grievances, injustice, unfair treatment, or slights of self and others, for the purpose of  nourishing, fortifying, or justifying a malignant ideology, furthering hatred, satisfying a pathology, or for exacting revenge. (J. Navarro, M.A.) 

 As with every personality type, the paranoid personality behavior is also on a bell curve. This bell curve runs from mild to extreme. At the mild end of the spectrum they will express their insecurity, jealousy and paranoid behavior patterns in the form of being untrusting of others, isolating themselves and their family from outside influences, people, friends and other family members.     

These personalities look at every act of kindness from others as always having a hidden agenda or motive. There always must be ulterior motives. Altruists, to these personality types are opportunists with a hidden agenda. In their mind nobody does nothing for nothing. They trust no one, even their own family members are under constant scrutiny. They look for any act of disloyalty real or imagined as proof positive that validates their paranoid beliefs.
The world is a very dangerous place, everyone is out to hurt them, take advantage of them. They are very insecure and jealous. At this mild end they will talk behind your back, make insane accusations about your character when you do not fall in lock step with their thoughts and beliefs. Their paranoid
imagination becomes their reality. With these personality types they will "twist the facts" to fit their irrational thoughts and beliefs.  

The DSM-IV-TR describes the paranoid personality disorder as a pattern of pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent. These are the listed behavior patterns for this personality type.

(1) suspects, without sufficient basis, that others are exploiting, harming, or deceiving him or her

(2) is preoccupied with unjustified doubts about the loyalty or trustworthiness of friends or associates

(3) is reluctant to confide in others because of unwarranted fear that the information will be used maliciously against him or her

(4) reads hidden demeaning or threatening meanings into benign remarks or events

(5) persistently bears grudges, i.e., is unforgiving of insults, injuries, or slights

(6) perceives attacks on his or her character or reputation that are not apparent to others and is quick to react angrily or to counterattack

(7) has recurrent suspicions, without justification, regarding fidelity of spouse or sexual partner.

The DSM-5 lists paranoid personality disorder essentially unchanged from the DSM-IV version and lists associated features that describe it in a more quotidian way. These features include suspiciousness, intimacy avoidance, hostility and unusual beliefs/experiences.

When these personalities are on the extreme end of the spectrum we have people like; Ted Kaczynski the Unabomber, Timothy McVeigh who blew up the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold who killed their classmates at Columbine High School, Osama bin Laden who was the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks on the United States, Anders Behring Breivik who killed 77 people in Norway, mostly all children, Adolf Hitler who killed over six million Jews. This is just a partial list of the more violent paranoid personality types. Even Howard Hughes who was a millionaire isolated himself the last ten years of his life in a Las Vegas hotel. Even Ex President Nixon had paranoid tendencies he had a so called political hit list of all his enemies. He stated many times he could trust no one.  

For many of the paranoid  personalities who are on the extreme end of the spectrum violence becomes their only solution when they are triggered. 



*The term wound collector and  wound collecting was Copyrighted by Joe Navarro in 2004

Dangerous Personalities Joe Navarro FBI SPECIAL AGENT (RET.) with Toni Sciarra Poynter


Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE
Advanced Statement Analysis
Detecting Deception
Paul Grice's Conversational Maxims
To better understand how people deceive each other in an oral or written statement, it would help for people to understand how a typical conversation works. Paul Grice is a famous scholar, noted that all conversations follow a basic set of rules, people use to express themselves.
Paul Grice's rules called "maxims" are at work every time we talk to someone. Without these rules conversations would be impossible to have.
What are the implicit rules we follow when talking to others?
Maxim of Quantity
Make sure your contribution to the conversation as informative as necessary.
Do not make your contribution to the conversation more informative than necessary.    
Maxim of Quality
Do not say what you believe to be false.
Do not say that for which you lack adequate evidence.
Maxim of Relevance
Be relevant (say things related to the current topic of the conversation).
Maxim of Manner
Avoid obscurity of expression
Avoid ambiguity
Be brief (avoid unnecessary wordiness).
Be orderly
As can be seen, Grice's rules are important, we follow these rules when we want to be explicitly clear and direct.
We also exploit these four basic rules when people are trying to deceive each other. There are many ways to lie, a direct blatant lie (most people try to avoid a bold faced lie, especially when facts can be easily checked). Weaving a lie within a truthful statement, lying by omission.
Most times than not people will lie by omission, this lie does not make people feel as guilty. Since they are telling you some truth but leave out a few details.

                                                "Remember a half truth is a whole lie." 

If I can help you when you are trying to detect deception, I will be happy to work with you.
My EX. is 01155

                                                      Anthony Iantosca, BCFE

Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE


Profiling has received a bad rap over the last few years. When people ask me what do for a living. I tell them I am a profiler. It is funny to see a quick micro expression of disgust or contempt flashed across their faces. I explain that profiling is not based on race, creed, color or national origin. Profiling is based on behavior patterns and what those behavior patterns are telling me. I use four diagnostic tools when conducting a profile on a personality for threat assessment or for compatibility purposes. Handwriting Analysis based on American trait Theory, Clinical and Forensic Statement Analysis, Nonverbal Communication (body language). Psychology and understanding human behavior. Profiling using behavior. To detect, identify, analyze and evaluate a personalities behavior and the the psychological characteristics associated with those behavior patterns. Behavior patterns that are "consistent with, not diagnosed as" and what those behavior patterns are telling me.

Body language is a very important diagnostic tool when I am sitting across from someone I am talking to. Is their words and body language "tells" congruent with each other? Is he/she expressing true confidence in themselves or in the product they are trying to sell me. Nonverbal communication is Limbic driven. Our Limbic brain expresses our true thoughts, feelings and intentions in real time and without thought. Our limbic brain is called our honest brain. It is very important to remember that "emotions" are always expressed first, before words and actions.

Example: One day I asked a friend who had a gambling issue if he had bet on a football game, he has stated that he had quit gambling. First I saw a quick micro expression of "fear." He looked me straight in the eye and answered "who me did I bet, no, no, a second later he shook his head no, no." His timing was so off I laughed at him and said "God you a terrible liar." "F#*k you Tony! You think you know everything." Come to find out he lost a great deal of money on the game he didn't bet on.

Statement Analysis is also a very important diagnostic tool in detecting deception. Is he/she committed to their words or are they showing a lack of commitment to their words and statements. Is he/she stating one thing when their words are telling me something very different.

Example: In this situation I used both statement analysis and nonverbal communication to determine the truth.
A while back a woman I knew had come to me asking if I could help her husband who was being accused of child molestation. He needed an attorney and she knew I worked with one. Before I got the attorney involved I wanted to make sure I would not be wasting his time. She told me he was thirty five years old and the girl who was accusing him was twelve. She told me that because he was Black he was being railroaded. She gave me all the details and was very convincing proclaiming his innocence when explaining what had happened. I agreed to meet her husband and see what I could do to help him. Her husband came in to see me, we shook hands and the first thing out of his mouth was "thank you for helping me, your are going to teach me what I should say and act when I am asked questions." I said no, if you are telling the truth why do you need me to teach you anything. I said tell me what happened? He stated that "I never touched her, I never touched her, she is lying." That was the second red flag, I never asked him, did you "ever" touch her?
You cannot use the word "never" as no. Unless I ask you "did you ever do something, than using the word never would be acceptable." His story was very different than his wife's story of the events that happened on the day in question. I kept quiet and let him talk. I watched his body language, this guy was flash frozen in his chair. This was a very serious crime, he showed no emotion, no emphasis, no nothing. I asked him to go outside, he stood there like a statue as he continued to proclaim his innocence. I said great story, now you can tell me the truth or this meeting is over. He became very angry and said "what are you talking about, I have been looking into your eyes the whole time." I said yes that is the problem, most liars believe that looking into someone's eyes is a sign of honesty. That is not true. I made one statement and asked him only one question, I said, I believe you when you said you never touched her. Let me ask you this "did she do all the touching, did she touch you." He looked at me with a facial expression that to this day I am still trying to figure out and he said "well sorta ya, but I never touch her." I said good luck there is nothing I can do for you.

Profiling personalities is very complex. It is not a one size fits all templet. Understanding their emotional makeup, intensity level, traits and behavior patterns. People are complex and very diverse. As a profiler I will attempt to answer the question "what is the best I can hope for, what is the worst I can expect when logic is reduced and emotions come into play." Most importantly, "what a person projects and what he/she may be in reality may be two entirely different matters."

My Ex. on Ingenio 01155 I look forward to talking with you.

                                      Anthony Iantosca, BCFE

Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE

Body language of children
I am going to give all the parents and care givers a very clear body language "tell" that I want you to be very aware of. Children and very expressive, their arms, legs and bodies are always moving when they are playing and in a state of "comfort."  When children "freeze" when they are in the presence of someone they know or have been around for a period of time something is wrong. Now you will see this behavior when they meet someone new for the first time, this is normal. They do not know the person and they will freeze this is  innate in all humans from birth. Is this new person a "threat." This behavior is hard wired in all humans and animals as a part of our survival protocol.   
The difference is when you see this drop in body language expressions when they come into contact with someone they know or have been around for a period of time, a family member, teacher, priest, uncle or friend, etc. What you will see is the child will stop moving, the arms will drop to their sides, their heads will bow down called the "turtle" and their movement will be very subdued or will stop. This is called "hiding in the open." Movement attracts attention and the child will attempt to hide from the person that has caused them discomfort in some way. You as parents need to find out why. This could be anything, the person yelled at the child, frightened or hit the child. It could also be something much worse such as a possible molestation. It is a very clear body language "tell" that needs further investigation.       
Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE
Online Dating


Searching for love "in all the wrong places." I have conducted numerous online dating investigations, for both male and female clients who have contacted me through my site, on INGENIO. My investigations found that some of the men and women from Africa, Russia and China are very sophisticated with their on line "419 dating love scams". "419'' refers to the article of the Nigerian Criminal Code (part of Chapter 38 obtaining property by false pretenses; Cheating)

In many cases it is not the dating site who is perpetrating the fraud. It is some of the men and women who post a profile, with the sole intent of making a living. These perpetrators use other people's loneliness and desperation to their own advantage.

There are many respectable on line dating sites through out the world that have many success stories attached to them. These dating sites work very hard to keep the con artists at bay. But in today's fast paced, high tech world the weapon of choice is not the gun or knife anymore. It is the computer.

A tactic used today is called "Catfishing."

What Is a "Catfishing" Scam? A “catfish” is a person who creates a false online identity in the hopes of luring people into romantic relationships.  Catfishing is basically an Internet scam or hoax in which someone pretends to be someone else online and nabs an unsuspecting victim. People may go "catfishing" for a variety of reasons.
So is "catfishing" illegal? Well, it depends upon the specific facts of the catfishing scam, and also which state it occurred in. For example, several states like California, Washington, Texas, and New York already make online impersonation a crime, according to AG Beat. So if a teacher pretends to be a student on Facebook, or a fan pretends to be a star athlete on Twitter, then the impersonator could potentially be guilty of a crime. For online impersonation laws like California's to kick in, however, the perpetrator's intent must be to harm, intimidate, threaten, or defraud. California's law also allows a victim to file a civil lawsuit against the scammer if he/she has suffered any economic harm.  "Catfishing" may still be illegal when the online fraud is used to perpetuate a crime. For example, if someone "catfishes" to profit off a natural disaster, to seduce young children, or for any other illegal purpose, then that person would obviously be guilty of the underlying crime. 

When dating on line and communicating through texts or e-mails pay very close attention to the words, language, phrases and punctuation the person is using. Many times than not the language the scammer uses does not sound right for someone born and educated in the United States. 

In other investigations, I have found that a man or a woman will post a profile on an American dating site and state they are living here in the USA. Their profile will say they are living in some obscure city in the Mid West or South Eastern USA. Once they have you on the hook emotionally and you start to press them for a face to face meeting, they will tell you they had to return to their country of origin because of a death in the family or some other disaster that has happened to a love one there. Usually, they need your help getting back to the USA because they lost all their money when their luggage was stolen at the Airport or some other catastrophe that has happened to them. These are "419 Nigerian scam artists." 419 is named after a formerly relevant section of the Criminal Code of Nigeria. In brief, 419 is a sub-classification of Advance Fee Fraud Crime in which the perpetrators are West Africans, primarily Nigerians operating globally from Nigeria and elsewhere. These 419 love scams will always involve the wiring of funds, your funds to help them out in some way.

In one "419 Love Scam," a lovely twenty two year woman sent e-mails to me nonstop for over two weeks expressing her undying love for me. She was also talking to one of my clients, by the way, and she asked if I could wire her the money needed for her airplane ticket. She wanted to fly to Boston to meet me. She had lost everything in Hurricane Katrina including and not limited to, her mother, father, grandmother and pet poodle. Her profile had her living in Lovesville, North Carolina. I did not realize the tidal surge went that far north.

Believe me within a few weeks of e-mailing back and forth or talking on messenger with a con artist, ( with a web cam so you can see how lucky you are to have such a lovely mate ) there will be drama.

In my investigations, I also found what I call the "bait and switch tactic." A man or woman usually in their twenty's will post a profile on another dating site and send you an e-mail. Once you answer him or her, they will ask you to open an account on an other dating web site that does translation services, so the two of you can communicate better. These web sites will charge you for every word or character they translate. Again, you pay for every e-mail you send or receive. One woman I became friendly with told me she received a small percentage for every client who opened an account and started to send e-mails.

On line dating can be a very exciting and rewarding experience. It can also turn very violent and deadly if you do not have a good understanding of the personality you are dealing with. If you have met someone on line, and are meeting them for the first time, I give my female clients a basic list of do's and don'ts,


1) For the first six dates or until you feel comfortable with the person, always meet him or her in a public place.

2) Have your own transportation to and from the meeting location if possible.

3) Let friends and family know where you are going, who you are meeting and what time you expect to be home.

4) Have your cell phone with you, batteries charged and your cell phone on. Have a friend call you during your first meeting to see how things are going. If you feel uncomfortable always trust your " gut " instinct. Have a code word that your contact will understand, and know you want to leave.

5) Never, never let someone you just met online, talk you into driving you home alone.

6) Know your tolerance for alcohol. Do not over drink.

7) If you meet in a club or bar never leave your drink unattended.

8) Never give someone you just met online your personal contact information, or home address.

9) A gentleman who has your best interest and safety at heart, will understand these rules. If your date ridicules you or tries to make you feel foolish because of them, loose him quickly.

10) Never send or wire money to anyone you have met online.


I will not tell you the horror stories I have been told by my female clients, who did not adhere to these basic rules.

Remember our two strongest drives are "sex and aggression." There are those among us who have a deep uncontrollable need to express domination and control over other human beings. This is accomplished in different ways but with the same goal, control. They obtain extreme sexual and physical gratification by means of physical violence.

What a person projects and what they are may be two entirely different matters. A threat assessment profile conducted by this office will tell you what he or she is really all about. What do you expect from him or her once the honeymoon phase of the relationship is over?

Answering the question, 

"What is the best I can hope for, what is the worst I can expect?"

When dating on line do not let emotion and imagination become your reality.

As the FBI Profiler John Douglas has stated:

"On line, I can be anyone you want me to be."   


Please feel free to contact me here on Ingenio if you have any questions regarding online dating. My Ex. is 01155. I am here to help you and answer any questions you may have.


Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE

Statement Analysis

Muslim teen who reported NYC subway harassment found safe 7 / 12
CBS News

NEW HYDE PARK, N.Y. -- The Muslim teen who said she was verbally attacked by three drunk men on a New York subway last week and had been reported missing Friday has been found, CBS New York reports.

Nassau County Police didn't say where Yasmin Seweid, 18, has been the last few days, but her family told WCBS-AM that she was safe.

Seweid was last seen leaving her New Hyde Park home on Wednesday, police said.

She was wearing a black jacket, blue sweater, black yoga pants and black head scarf and carrying a bag of clothing.

Last Thursday, Seweid told WCBS-TV that she was on the subway heading home from a school event when she was verbally attacked by the men, who she said made references to President-elect Donald Trump and called her a terrorist.

They kept saying, You don't belong here, get out of this country, go back to your country, and finally they came really close and they were like, ËœTake that rag off your head, Seweid said.

Statement Analysis

I find this alleged harassment statement somewhat suspect. This young woman who disappeared for a few days is attempting to lay blame on "three" drunk men who harassed her. My first red flag is the number "three." Three is called a liars number. That is the first number a person will use when thinking of a number to come up with. Example; Three blind mice, Goldilocks and the three bears, make three wishes so on and so on. My second red flag is the men should have stated "get out of our country" since they wanted her to go back to "your" country. If there was a group of men they would talk as a group and with a group mentality.

I saw the same changing pronouns in the JonBenet Ramset alleged kidnap letter. If you are acting as a group you will continue to act and speak with a group mentality. These three men acting as a "group" would continue to speak with a group mentality and use the word "our" country. In examining the pronouns in the JonBenet Ramsey alleged kidnap letter , we find this crime was not committed by a group. Your language will continually reflect there are several people involved. In the first paragraph in the JonBenet Ransey ransom letter, five times the writer used a plural pronoun. However, in lines #11 and #13, the writer used the singular pronoun "I." He/she should have written, "We will call you" and "We advised you to be rested." In line #17, he/she used the singular pronoun "my." Changing pronouns indicates deception. We can easily see this was not a group effort.

Third, "and finely they "came really close" and were "like" take that rag off your head." She is not stating that the men touched her or kidnapped her. The word "really" is not needed here, this is a qualifier or a word that indicates deception. A stronger statement would have been "the men surrounded me." Also the men would have been more demanding in their verbal assault Example; Get that Goddam rag off your head or we will take it off. The word "like" is stating that what happened and what she is stating happened are not the same.

If she was that terrified why not call police or scream for help, also why not run home? Where did she go? Parents and law enforcement would not say where she was only she was safe. Is she home safe? Only she was safe. I find her statement very equivocal There are no expressed emotions to her words. Like fear or being terrified after this event took place. She also did not give a clear description of the "three men." Where they white, black, tall, fat, shinny where they wearing white hoods? She is either making up the story to cover something else she was doing or looking for her fifteen minutes of fame.


Statement Analysis
Muslim Teen

I posted a Statement Analysis article shown on my Academy site on 12/11/16 on the Muslim teen who was harassed on the subway by Trump supporters. Today she was arrested for filling a false police report. I have always expressed "Their words will betray them."

Muslim Student Arrested For Fake Hate Crime Report
Christine Rousselle
Posted: Dec 14, 2016 5:50 PM

A Muslim teen in New York City who claimed to have been harassed on the subway by men chanting "Donald Trump" and told her to get out of the country has been arrested and charged with filing a false police report. Yasmin Seweid, a student at Baruch College, first reported the harassment on Facebook on December 2, and chided the bystanders who did not come to her aid. Seweid was charged with filing a false report on Wednesday.




Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE

Body Language
The Torso of the body is the area of the body that we display how well feel. It is the area of the body that has very little movement. Unlike our faces, arms, hands, legs and feet that have much more movement and gives me much more information. The torso is where we will display ornaments such as jewelry, tattoos, shirts and blouses that have designer logos on them that show status. When animals and humans feel good about themselves and are in good health they maintain their fur, feathers and skin we maintain our clothing by keeping them clean and pressed. When a person has a problem or a possible pathology of some sort. You will see that their body and cloths are un kept, the cloths are dirty and  have a disheveled look to them.  
They are transmitting to the world, I am unhappy, I don't feel good about myself and I don't care anymore. Much can also be observed by the  colors a person choses and the amount of the torso that is visible in what is called "ventral fronting."  "Ventral fronting" is always perceived as being open and honest.
The choice of their suit  and how it is buttoned also gives us a great deal of information.
Many politicians will wear a low two buttoned suit jacket. This will give the maximum amount of "ventral fronting."
This is perceived as being open and honest. Governor Mitt Romney would have his suits tailor made in this exact fashion. He always wore two button suit jackets buttoned very low.  Men and women who wear a three button suit jacket with the buttons, buttoned very high up on the jacket are perceived as being  a somewhat closed off personality and is looked at as being somewhat dishonest. Research shows that people like Black or dark Blue colors for people who are in authority. Brown or tan colored suits are not very well liked.
The "Tunic" jackets or shirts that are buttoned very high up to the neck are always perceived as personalities who are very closed off to the world, secretive, somewhat deceptive and anti social. Look at the people who wore these "Tunic" style of cloths. Mao, Castro, Stalin, Hitler, Arafat and if you remember the old James Bond movie with the villain Dr. No who was this very evil person wore this "Tunic" jacket. These personalities are saying I am closed off to you, I am not open or honest nor am I accessible to you.
In last nights last debate between Clinton and Trump it was noted after the debate that Mrs. Clinton  wore white, in the first debate she wore red and in the second debate she wore blue. So Mrs. Clinton was showing the world how patriotic she is, wearing red, white and blue. I did not pay attention to the color of her clothing, I paid very close attention to the type of clothing she was wearing.
I found it very interesting last night that this same "Tunic" style of clothing was worn by Ms. Clinton. They must have missed that.
I sure as hell didn't.

Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE

JonBenet Ramsey
Part two (2)

When analyzing a written or typed statement the examiner will look for red flags within the statement itself to detect for possible deception.
And to identify when deception has been identified. In Statement Analysis people mean exactly what they say. When a person or persons are committed to their statement their use of nouns, pronouns will remain consistent. Their personal dictionary will also remain consistent unless there is a justification for that change in their personal dictionary. This shows that they have a personal involvement in the actions being explained. They are speaking from their memory and not constructing the event from logic. We also look for punctuation and unique words and phrases just to name a few.
The complete two and a half page ransom letter is typed below exactly as it was found.

Mr. Ramsey,

Listen carefully! We are a group of individuals that represent a small foreign faction. We do respect your bussiness but not the country that it serves. At this time we have your daughter in our posession . She is safe and unharmed and if you want her to see 1997, you must follow our instructions to the letter.

You will withdraw $118,000.00 from your account. $100,000 will be in $100 bills and the remaining $18,000 in $20 bills. Make sure that you bring an adequate size attaché to the bank. When you get home you will put the money in a brown paper bag. I will call you between 8 and 10 am tomorrow to instruct you on delivery. The delivery will be exhausting so I advise you to be rested. If we monitor you getting the money early, we might call you early to arrange an earlier delivery of the money and hence a earlier delivery pick-up of your daughter.

Any deviation of my instructions will result in the immediate execution of your daughter. You will also be denied her remains for proper burial. The two gentlemen watching over your daughter do not particularly like you so I advise you not to provoke them. Speaking to anyone about your situation, such as Police, F.B.I., etc., will result in your daughter being beheaded. If we catch you talking to a stray dog, she dies. If you alert bank authorities, she dies. If the money is in any way marked or tampered with, she dies. You will be scanned for electronic devices and if any are found, she dies. You can try to deceive us but be warned that we are familiar with law enforcement countermeasures and tactics. You stand a 99% chance of killing your daughter if you try to out smart us. Follow our instructions and you stand a 100% chance of getting her back.

You and your family are under constant scrutiny as well as the authorities. Don't try to grow a brain John. You are not the only fat cat around so don't think that killing will be difficult. Don't underestimate us John. Use that good southern common sense of yours. It is up to you now John!



Statement Analysis of the ransom letter

Consistent use of pronouns

I was at the ATM machine getting cash out when I finished and walked outside a "man" came up behind me "he" put a gun to my back "he" took my money, "he" told me don't turn around or "I" will shoot you, "he" ran off. I called police. In this example the use of pronouns remained consistent.
There was only "one" man who was involved in the action being explained.

Inconsistent use of pronouns

I was at the ATM machine getting cash out when a "man" came up behind me when I finished "he" put a gun to my back "they" took my money, "he" told me don't turn around or "I" will shoot you, "they" ran off. I called police. In this example the use of pronouns were not consistent.
There was only "one" man who was involved in the action being explained. Yet the writer uses "he" and "they." This would indicate the
writer was making up the story or something else happened to to explain his lost money.

Ransom letter,

In the beginning of the ransom letter we have consistent use of the pronouns, "we" "we" "we" "us" They are talking as a group and should remain expressing themselves with a group mentality. As the ransom letter continues we see a deviation from that group mentality with the use of the following pronouns, "I" "I" "we" "we" "my" "I" "we" "us" "we" "us" "us." The use of the pronouns
"I" and "my" should not be present in the ransom letter when writing as a group.
This would indicate that the ransom letter was constructed from logic and indicates deception.

Consistent use of personal dictionary

If a person starts off writing about an event and calls a "gun" a "gun" they will use that same language throughout their statement.
Problems arise when the person calls the "gun" a "gun" then calls it a "pistol" "weapon" "firearm" etc. Unless there is a reasonable explanation for the change in their language.

Consistent use of personal dictionary

I was cleaning my "gun" my wife came over and tried to grab my "gun" I tried to keep my "gun" away from her as we fought, the "weapon" fired and my wife let go of the "gun." This would be acceptable because it remained his "gun" until it fired and then the 'gun" became a "weapon."

Ransom letter,

The kidnappers start the letter off with,

Mr. Ramsey a very polite way of addressing a man who's daughter you will behead if your demands are not met. They change their language and start calling him by his first name John. They should have continued calling him Mr. Ramsey
or just Ramsey, the use of his first name is a little to personal and intimate for people who do not know each other. When they changed from Mr. Ramsey to John there has to be a justification for the change as I explained in example above. This would also indicate the letter was written from logic and also indicates deception. Also in the statement we have this line" use that good southern common sense of yours." How do the kidnappers know he was from the South? The kidnappers also demanded $118,000.00 that was a very odd amount. These personalities types are very greedy and would have asked for much more money. $118,000.00 was the exact amount of a bonus he received from his company that year. Only someone close to the Ramsey's would know that exact amount.

Kidnappers would never state who they are as they did in the ransom letter, "We are a group of individuals that represent a small foreign faction." Kidnappers would never make that statement and help law enforcement reduce the possible suspect pool. The alleged kidnappers misspelled the words business and possession but spelled "attaché" correctly, even including the accent on the word "attaché." This would indicate to me that the author of the ransom letter was highly educated. In the known handwriting samples of Patsy Ramsey she used "exclamation points" sparingly in her written statements and letters. The use of exclamation points were also found in the ransom letter. The letter was signed "Victory! S.B.T.C there has been a lot of speculation as to what the letters S.B.T.C mean. At this time no one has come up with a reasonable explanation of the letters and their meaning.
How could you claim "victory' when you have not received any money yet. This is nonsense attempting to have people believe this was some sort of terrorists group.

The most damaging evidence found in this bogus ransom letter is the following unique words and statement,

The kidnappers state, "If we monitor you getting the money early, we might call you early to arrange an earlier delivery of the money and hence a earlier delivery pick-up of your daughter." The word "hence" is not a common word that most people use, the kidnappers used "and hence" the word "and" is not needed. When investigators were analyzing known handwriting samples from Patsy Ramsey they found a Christmas message written on December 14, 1997. The First United Methodist Church in Boulder, Colorado held a memorial service for JonBenet. There was a Christmas message from the Ramsey family that statement had the following words.

"Had there been no birth of Christ, there would be no hope of eternal life, and, hence, no hope of ever being with our loved ones again"

What are the chances of two different personalities and one being a foreigner use the exact same wording.

This ransom letter was staged by someone who wanted to confuse and interfere with a law enforcement investigation into the death of JonBenet Ramsey. Why would innocent people do this? Innocent people would not. The only innocent person in this botched investigation was that poor child JonBenet Ramsey.

Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE

JonBenet Ramsey
Part one (1)

I do not know where to begin on this alleged kidnapping gone bad. This poor child was murdered in her own home buy someone yet to be identified. This murder is unsolved so I find it questionable that anyone including the Ramsey's are no longer suspects.
The staged ransom note found by Patsy Ramsey on the kitchen staircase that morning was a deliberate attempt to send investigators on a wild goose chase wasting valuable time and resources. The investigators would have seen right through this "ransom note" ploy if they had examined and conducted a Forensic Statement Analysis on the alleged ransom note. I will go into the ransom note in more detail in part two tomorrow.

Second asking John Ramsey to look through the house to see if anything was missing was a huge mistake. That was the responsibility of law enforcement. Why? So you do not have the possibility of cross contamination and if something was found, as it was in this case. John Ramsey found JonBenet in the basement. John Ramsey walked, stepped over and picked up his daughter and brought her back up stairs. John Ramsey also removed the tape covering JonBenet mouth. This action contaminated the crime scene. Law Enforcement should have taken numerous crime scene photos of JonBenet and the surrounding area for any and all trace evidence before moving the body. I also find it very interesting that John Ramsey waited for the police to ask him to search the house, any reasonable person would have torn the house apart looking for his daughter and outside the house as well.
Even if you had a ransom note stating that your daughter was kidnapped you would still search the house in the hope that you may find something that would help the investigators.
JonBenet was found with her favorite blanket covering her. This alone should have red flagged an investigator something was wrong.
Rapists and or murders do not take the time to care about their victims in such a loving / caring fashion. This is a subconscious sign of guilt. They rape you, kill you and leave you in a ditch or at least try to hide the body.
For someone to cover the body in her blanket tells me that someone who knew and cared for JonBenet killed her and felt guilt after the fact. Also this blanket was just washed and was in the dryer, how did the kidnappers know where to look? I say kidnappers because the alleged ransom note states such. This is where the ransom note becomes a key piece of forensic evidence.

Document Examination;

I do not know what procedures were used when the document examiners acquired known handwriting samples called exemplars (formal/informal standards) of Patsy Ramsey and John Ramsey to compare with the ransom letter. From everything I have read many of the document examiners who rendered an opinion of the author of the ransom letter, never examined the original ransom letter. They conducted their examination from photo copies of unknown generation. This would be the first question a judge in a court of law would ask. If they did not examine the original ransom letter, their opinion would be dismissed unless they could explain why the original was not examined that would be accepted by the court. Also Patsy Ramsey was ambidextrous so I would imagine they required exemplars (formal standards) of Patsy Ramsey's known handwriting using her right and left hand.

I would hope they used a similar writing instrument that was used on the ransom letter a flair tip pen was used, so flair tip pen to flair tip pen. Written on the same paper and writing pad. All handwriting exemplars (informal standards) obtained from the Ramsey's should have been written in or near the time period of the ransom letter.
The most important procedure that a competent handwriting expert would ask before taking handwriting exemplars (formal standards) if either Patsy or John Ramsey were under the influence of alcohol, any prescription drugs or sedatives of any kind. All of these listed will alter a persons true handwriting.
There is the possibility that two people wrote the note in an attempt to disguise the handwriting of the true author of the ransom letter.
I would have taken this into consideration and had both John and Patsy Ramsey write the note together taking turns, if using the exact wording on a reproduced document is allowed by the state of Colorado. Many states will not allow exact wording, formal standards, used for comparison in questioned document case of this nature.

Ransom note part (1)

Mr. Ramsey,

Listen carefully! We are a group of individuals that represent a small foreign faction. We do respect your bussiness but not the country that it serves. At this time we have your daughter in our posession . She is safe and unharmed and if you want her to see 1997, you must follow our instructions to the letter.


Now lets start off analyzing the first portion of the ransom letter. These psychopathic murders and rapists start off with Mr. Ramsey,
how polite these murders were. Lets look at the pronouns used in this portion of the ransom letter; "We" "we" "we" "our" and the collective noun "group." This would indicate that more than one person was involved in this crime. This is a very important piece of evidence when analyzing a statement for possible deception, the pronouns should remain consistent throughout the statement. If you are a "group" you will remain and keep a "group" mentality. We also have two misspelled words "bussiness" and "posession." I find it interesting that they misspelled very easy words because the author of the ransom note wanted investigators to believe they were foreigners but these so called foreigners were very good with their punctuation.
Something people who study ESL have a hard time with or misuse. Kidnappers would not care about their punctuation.

Kidnappers would be short and to the point such as;

"Ramsey we have your daughter get 500.000 by tomorrow or she is fucking dead we will call you with instructions do not call the police or we will kill her"

Also their note would have been pre written before hand and they would have had a rape kit with everything they would have needed to commit the crime and not waist time looking for items around the house.

So based on the ransom note a "group" of kidnappers came in through a basement window yet cob webs were still in place in that same window. A group of kidnappers found JonBenet in her bed and took her downstairs and decided to sexually molest and then kill her. After the murder the kidnappers decided to go back up stairs spend time looking for a pen and paper and spend almost twenty minutes handwriting a two and a half page ransom note while everyone was still sleeping in their beds. They used Patsy Ramsey's note pad and her pen to write this note. They also used Patsy Ramsey's paint brush to make a wooden garrotte to strangle JonBenet. These first time kidnappers seemed to know their way around the Ramsey household quite well. Then they all went back down stairs and put a suitcase in front of the same window they came in from because they could not get back out? Why didn't one of the other kidnappers help push one another other back out the window? Again, all this going on, with a group of adults coming in and out the basement window and the cob webs were still intact on the outside window area. These cob webs would have been disturbed if someone had come in through the window.
Tell me something? Why not just go out the back door? Kidnappers would not waist all that time going in and out of a window they could not reach or had trouble reaching. So lets make as much noise as possible trying to balance ourselves on a suitcase that might not be sturdy and fall over making unwanted noise. No one came in that window and no one went out that window. There was only one person involved in this murder, with the help of an accomplice or someone who knew what happened the night Jonbenet was killed.

More tomorrow in part two (2)

Special interest Article;
Anthony J. Iantosca, BCFE

The dark side of morbid jealousy.

Insecure personalities with extreme low self esteem who are extremely jealous and possessive will use violence to control and manipulate their targets. Many times than not they have used violence before. This is not the first time these personalities used aggressive or violent behavior patterns on their love interests/targets. I have taught you that "past behavior is indicative of future behavior" and "behavior reflects personality." Personalities who are extremely "jealous" who have morbid and or sexual jealousy, cannot handle being rejected by their love interest. These personalities are on emotional thin ice to begin with, losing their one magic person can and many times will send these people over the edge.

I have also taught you, getting to know someone takes time. When these personalities are triggered they will use violence by means of destroying your personal property, damaging your reputation, and in extreme cases physical assaults, rape and death are inflicted on their targets. This is their only face saving, emotional way out. They need to release their pent up frustration and anger. This loss of control over you is their worst nightmare. Remember the saying,

                                        "If I can't have you, nobody will."

Many times you will hear statements such as, "you will remember me" or "I will fix you" "you have not heard the last of me" "just wait and see what happens to you." These statements are threats which must not be taken lightly. It is very important that you take every means possible to protect yourself. Talk to your family, friends. Talk to the police, make people aware of your situation. You must be very alert when going out alone. These personalities will call, text, e-mail come by your house or place of work in an attempt beg forgiveness. They will plead for a second chance. They will say and do anything to get you back. Once violence has reared its ugly head in the relationship. The relationship is over. These personalities need help, their core issues of jealousy, insecurity and low self esteem must be addressed with the help of a licensed medical professional. Remember, these core issues were part of this personalities makeup long before they met you.

Research is quite clear, one out of every ten American women is beaten or abused by a husband or lover. Men can also be abused but the majority of reports that are reported to hot lines and police are by women. The number one mistake I see when talking to men and women on my sites is the attempt to start "rationalizing" away the abusers behavior. This is a very dangerous mind game you are playing with yourself.
The victim starts to take responsibility for the abuse, "maybe I should have not said this or done that." He or she didn't mean to act this way, I would have never dated him/her in the first place.

The reason for this is two fold; First, the victim does not want to look foolish that they choose this partner in the first place. Second, that they put time and energy into a relationship and they want believe their time was not wasted on this personality type. I could not be that stupid.
It is also very important that you do not start posting your personal life all over social media, after a breakup . These personality types are known to use Facebook, Instagram and other media outlets to stalk you. How do I know this? They have told me time and time again. Knowing you have a new love interest or how happy you are could trigger them into a "revenge seeking" patterns of behavior. Do not rub the breakup or your new love interest in their face all over social media. Not a very smart move on your part.
Until next time, be safe, smart and alert. If I can answer any questions please call me on my ex. 01155. I will send you free time so we can talk.

                                                    Anthony Iantosca, BCFE

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